Category: Culture

Hanuman Jayanti, an occasion to find out your latent strengths

Image credit: Wikimedia Commons

Today is Hanuman Jayanti, the birth day of the greatest devotee of Lord Rama, on the full moon day of the first month (Chaitra) on Hindu calendars. Legends say Hanuman has remained immortal, even though his Lord exited the planet earth when it was time to end the Avatar of Rama.

One of the most popular deities for Hindus, faith in Hanuman goes beyond the religious boundary. The famous example in recent times is Barak Obama’s devotion to the “monkey god” as came out in media, when he visited India a few years ago.

Hanuman is an epitome of strength, courage, devotion and service. His life is full of symbolism that should inspire mortals like us at all times. One such symbolic narration goes as below:

He was born to forest dwellers of Vanara (monkey) tribe, Kesari and Anjana, by the grace of the God of wind (Vayu). When he was a toddler, his parents left him in the cradle and went out to collect food. The baby Hanuman woke up to an intense feeling of hunger, and saw a rising red ball on the eastern horizon. Hanuman mistook it for a fruit and leapt out to grab it. In no times he was zipping across the sky in the speed of wind.

At the same time, Rahu, the deity of eclipse, was rushing to swallow the sun (to create an eclipse). Hanuman felt Rahu was after his red fruit and tried to catch hold him. A frightened Rahu fled to Indra, the God of the heavens, and pleaded for his life. Indra became angry and collected his weapon (thunderbolt). He mounted his vehicle (Airavata, the white elephant) and went in search of Hanuman.

Hanuman though got excited to see the elephant and sought to play with it. As he leapt onto the back of Airavata, Indra struck him with the thunderbolt, sending him down to the earth, grievously injured. But his spiritual father, the wind god, rushed in and caught him in mid-air.

As Hanuman remained lifeless in his arms, a distraught wind god sucked in all the air from cosmos to cause death to all those who had harmed his spiritual son. And the airlessness created havoc in the cosmos forcing the gods to approach Vayu. To pacify the wind god, each of them granted a power to Hanuman.

So, the child of Vayu received eternity from Brahma, devotion from Vishnu, immunity against weapon injury from Indra, protection against fire from Agni, and protection against death from Yama. He was already endowed with strength and speed that none could equal, from his spiritual father.

However, as he grew, Hanuman started playing with his immense powers. He would spoil the ritual arrangements made by rishis with alacrity. He would break ladles and vessels used in Yajna and interrupt the offerings into the sacrificial fire. Eventually, he earned the curse of sages from Bhrigu and Angira clans, which made him forget his powers until it was necessary to remember.

As a result, Hanuman was blissfully unaware of his magical powers. He forgot that he could even fly. However, this power got awakened in him aeons later, when Jambavan, the bear king reminded him.

Jambavan was a trusted advisor to Vanara king Sugriva, who wanted to help Rama get back his wife Sita. But Sita was lodged on the Lankan island by Ravana. And there was a big ocean between the land of Sugiva’s kingdom and Ravana’s island. It turned out that none in his monkey army was able to fly the distance of the ocean. Sugriva then sought a solution with Jambavan.

Jambavan, another great devotee of Ram was endowed with deep knowledge. He knew Hanuman has the ability to fly across the ocean. However, when told, Hanuman refused to believe it. Then Jambavan had to reveal the secret of Hanuman’s strengths, leading the latter to fly across the ocean with ease.

Similarly, most of us may have been blissfully unaware of our own strengths. It would be fine if we meet Jambavans to make us wake up to them. Else, we need to dig in and find out on our own.


Significance of remembering Lord Rama

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Today, the ninth day (Navami) of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of the first month (Chaitra) of new year Vicari Nama Somvatsara, on Hindu Calendars, is celebrated as Rama Navami, the birthday of Lord Ram.

According to Hindu mythology, Lord Ram is the seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu. He took birth on the earth to end the evil in the form of Ravan, the demon king, who was a threat to moral values in Tretayug.

Every child in India grows up listening, watching and enacting events from Ramayana, the life story of Ram, in one form or the other. Episodes from his life are etched in the consciousness of pretty much everyone. His story has been retold in various forms and permutations in the past, being done so in the present, and this will continue in the future as well. The main reason for this never ending interest in Ramayana stories lies in the eternal human sentiments ingrained in it.

Ram is worshipped as God, but lived a life of human being, and went through all kinds of sufferings that normal human beings encounter in life. The situations that compelled him to abandon the throne, go into a 14-year exile in forest, chase the illusory golden deer for is wife Sita well against his own wisdom, wander in search of Sita after she got abducted by Ravan, the demon king, get into war with Ravan to get back his wife, get into a fight with his own children who come in the way of his kingdom’s expansion bid… all these not just make riveting story telling but exude loads of insights into functioning of human minds.

The purpose of Ramayana is to show how Ram did the right thing in every single situation and became the most honoured person (Maryada Purushottam) of the human kind.

For devotees, the word “Rama” has the power to lift the man from darkness (suffering and misery). Rama is combination two syllables Ra+Ma and three root sounds (bijakshara) Ra, which represents the sun god, Aa, which represents the fire god, and Ma, which stands for the moon god. Hence, repeating “Rama” helps invoke the elements of light, energy and peace.

In this era of social media, greeting one another on the occasion of every festival on virtual platforms has become a norm. And people put out greetings wishing that the festival bring joy, peace, and prosperity. But few factor in the unique features associated with each festival. On the birthday of Lord Ram, let us contemplate on the values epitomised by Him, viz truth, righteousness, courtesy, honour, and love.